By Puja Gupta
November 12, 2020 (IANSlife) Have you ever wondered how a woman’s womb is able to grow and nurture a baby inside it? The womb, or uterus, as it is medically termed, looks like an inverted pear at normal times, is an amazing organ in the female reproductive system that supports the beautiful process of childbirth and brings a new-born into this world.
But awareness about the uterus beyond its role in menstruation and pregnancy is often limited. Consulting your doctor about any abnormalities or symptoms like pelvic pain, cramps, menstrual bleeding etc., getting an early diagnosis and seeking timely treatment will help maintain uterine health.
Dr Madhushree Vijayakumar, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospitals explains more:
Often, women silently suffer painful periods, heavy and irregular menstrual bleeding and severe pelvic pain without seeking help for their problems. These problems may become so bad that they interfere with a normal way of life. Diagnostic tests such as ultrasound scan, Pap smear and certain blood tests help pinpoint the problem.
Some symptoms to watch out for:
Most of these ailments can be treated with early detection and effective therapy. Here are some of the treatment options available:
Medical management: Many gynaecological problems such as small fibroids and cysts, abnormal bleeding etc can be treated with appropriate medications and supplements. If a woman has hormone imbalance, it can be treatment through hormone replacement therapy.
Hysteroscopy: This is a procedure that allows the doctor to inspect the inside of the uterine cavity to detect any abnormalities or growth. It is done by inserting a thin, tube-like instrument with a light at one end (hysteroscope) into the uterine cavity through the cervix.
Hysterectomy: This is surgical removal of the uterus. Total hysterectomy involves total removal of the body of the uterus and the cervix, while in some cases this may include removal of the fallopian tubes and the ovaries, depending on the extent of growth and infection.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy: It is a surgical procedure involving the removal of the uterus with the help of laparoscope, a thin lighted tube with a camera at the end. A small incision is made in the navel through which the laparoscope is inserted. The surgeon performs the procedure by seeing the images from this camera on a screen. Tiny incisions are made in the lower abdomen and the uterus is removed.
Myomectomy: It is a surgery to remove fibroids without taking out the healthy tissue of the uterus. Myomectomy is mostly recommended for women who want to get pregnant as in contrast to hysterectomy the uterus remains preserved and the woman retains her reproductive potential.
Laparoscopic cystectomy: This is a minimally invasive surgery wherein the ovarian cyst is removed by inserting the laparoscope into the abdomen through a small incision below the navel.
Laparoscopic Excision: This procedure is used for removal of the growth/scars (endometriomas) through a minimally invasive procedure performed with the help of a laparoscope. This gives relief from the discomfort and pain caused by endometriosis.
This fascinating organ plays an important role in aiding pregnancy and childbirth. But it is also prone to afflictions that put immense strain on women’s health. It is important to maintain good uterus health for a holistic life.
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Puja Gupta can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org